All the Cryptocurrency Terms You Need to Know

Scrolling reddit, this news site or other cryptocurrency related forums on the internet and having no clue what people are talking about? We thought it would be useful to have a glossary of all the terms you may come across…

Cryptocurrency Trading Related Terms:

Websites where you can buy and sell crypto-currencies. Some popular exchanges in North America are:

Government-issued currency, such as the U.S dollar.

Someone that owns huge amounts of cryptocurrency.


An expectation that price is going to increase.

An expectation that price is going to decrease.


Generally any cryptocurrency other than Bitcoin or Ethereum.

Refers to the ‘currency’ of projects built on the ethereum network that have raised money via issuing their own tokens.

GNT – Golem
REP – Augur
BAT – Basic Attention Token
ICN – Iconomi

Initial Coin Offering, somewhat similar to an IPO in the non-crypto world. Startups issue their own token in exchange for ether. This is crowdfunding on the ethereum platform.

Shilling / pumping
Someone essentially advertising another cryptocurrency.

Stable coin
A cryptocurrency with low volatility that can be used to trade against the overall market.

Taking advantage of a difference in price of the same commodity on two different exchanges. Often mentioned when it comes to comparing ETH prices on Korean exchanges against U.S exchanges.

Fear Of Missing Out. The overwhelming sensation that you need to get on board the train when the price of something starts to skyrocket.

Fear, Uncertainty, and Doubt. Baseless negativity spread intentionally by someone that wants the price to drop.

Someone that is spreading FUD.

Pump And Dump
The recurring cycle of an altcoin getting a ton of attention, leading to a fast price increase and then followed by a huge crash.

Someone still holding an altcoin after a pump and dump crash. May also just refer to someone holding a coin that is sinking in value with few future prospects.

Market Cap
The total value held in a crypto-currency. It is calculated by multiplying the total supply of coins by the current price of an individual unit. This site shows a great run-down of each coin’s market cap:

Return on Investment. The percentage of how much money has been made compared to an initial investment. hodl

Trend Analysis and/or Technical Analysis. Refers to the process of examining current charts in order to predict which way the market will move next.

Limit order / limit buy / limit sell
Orders placed by traders to buy or sell a cryptocurrency when the price meets a certain amount. These orders are what are bought and sold against when traders place market orders.

Sell wall / buy wall
Using a depth chart, traders can see the current limit buy and sell points. The graphical representation on the depth chart looks like walls:

Market order / market buy / market sell
A simple purchase or sale on an exchange at the current price. Market buys purchase the cheapest ETH available on the order book, and market sells fill the most expensive buy order on the books.

Margin trading
The act of ‘magnifying’ the intensity of your trades by risking your existing coins. (NOTE: Very risky)

Going long
A margin trade that profits if the price increases.

Going short
A margin trade that profits if the price decreases.

Moving Average Convergence Divergence. A trend indicator that shows the relationship between two moving averages of prices. More info:

Bollinger Band
A margin around the price that helps indicate when a coin is overbought or oversold. More information available at:

General Cryptocurrency Terms:

Blockchain The classification of technology that Ethereum falls into. Blockchains are distributed ledgers, secured by cryptography. They are essentially public databases that everyone can access and read, but the data can only be updated by the data owners. Instead of the data residing on a single centralized server, the data is copied across thousands and thousands of computers worldwide. More detailed information available at:


A computer that possesses a copy of the blockchain and is working to maintain it.

The process of trying to ‘solve’ the next block. It requires huge amounts of computer processing power to do effectively but is rewarded with ether.

Mining rig
A computer especially designed for processing proof-of-work blockchains, such as Ethereum. They often consist of multiple high-end graphic processors (GPUs) to maximize their processing power.

Fork A situation where a blockchain splits into two separate chains. Forks generally happen in the crypto-world when new ‘governance rules’ are built into the blockchain’s code. Some more information available at:


Ledger Nano S / Trezor
Two of the most popular hardware wallet models.

Cold storage
The process of moving cryptocurrency ‘offline’, as a way of safekeeping your cryptocurrency from hacking. There are a variety of ways to do this, but some of the methods most commonly used:
—Printing out the QR code of a software wallet and storing it somewhere safe, such as a safety deposit box.
—Moving the files of a software wallet onto a USB drive and storing it somewhere safe.
—Using a hardware wallet.

Proof-of-work. The current consensus algorithm used by Ethereum.

Proof-of-stake: The proposed future consensus algorithm to be used by Ethereum. Instead of mining in its current form, folks that own ETH will be able to ‘lock up’ their ether for a short amount of time in order to ‘vote’ and generate network consensus.

A scaling solution for blockchains. Generally, every node in a blockchain network houses a complete copy of the blockchain. Sharding is a method that allows nodes to have partial copies of the complete blockchain in order to increase overall network performance and consensus speeds.

Software wallet
Storage for crypto-currency that exists purely as software files on a computer. Software wallets can be generated for free from a variety of sources.

Hardware wallet
A device that can securely store cryptocurrency. Hardware wallets are often regarded as the most secure way to hold cryptocurrency.

Ethereum Specific Terms:

Smart contract
Code that is deployed onto the Ethereum blockchain, often directly interacting with how money flows. Not my quote, but: “A normal transaction allows you to send money from A to B. Smart contracts allow you to send money from A to B, on the condition that C happens.”

One of the most popular languages that smart contracts can be written in. Has some similarities to Javascript.

Decentralized Application. This refers to an application that uses an Ethereum smart contract as it’s back-end code.

The Flippening
A potential future event wherein Ethereum’s market cap surpasses Bitcoin’s market cap, making Ethereum the most ‘valuable’ crypto-currency. This site shows the progress of the Flippening in real-time:


The smallest denomination of ether. 1 Ether = 1000000000000000000 Wei (1018)

Another denomination of ether. Gas prices are most often measured in Gwei. 1 Ether = 1000000000 Gwei. (109)

Finney, Szabo
More somewhat common denominations of ether. The full denomination chart:

Raiden Network
An upcoming protocol change to Ethereum that will enable high-speed transfers across the network. It’s similar in some aspects to Bitcoin’s planned Lightning Network.  More reading available at:

Frontier, Homestead, Metropolis, Serenity
The four planned stages of the Ethereum development roadmap. We are currently in the Homestead phase. The Metropolis update is likely to be available sometime in the next year.

MyEtherWallet. A free site that can generate ethereum software wallets for you.

Enterprise Ethereum Alliance. A coalition of startups and corporations trying to figure out the best way to use this dang thing.

A measurement of how much processing is required by the ethereum network to process a transaction. Simple transactions, like sending ether to another address, typically don’t require much gas.

Gas price
The amount of ether to be spent for each gas unit on a transaction. The initiator of a transaction chooses and then pays the gas price of the transaction. Transactions with higher gas prices are prioritized by the network.

Vitalik Buterin
One of the co-founders of Ethereum. A brief biography is available at:

Decentralized Autonomous Organization. An investor-directed venture capital fund built on the Ethereum network that was hacked in June 2016. The hack stole about a third of the DAO’s funds and led to Ethereum being hard-forked the following month. The DAO is often cited as one of Ethereum’s biggest stumbles thus far.

The Memes:

Long ago, someone on a bitcoin forum got drunk and made a post with this typo in the place of ‘hold’. A meme was then born.

What we’re all going to buy when we’re rich.

This is it gentlemen
“This is it, gentlemen”. Used to point out positive things that are currently happening.

In the crypto-sphere this does not mean exposing your butt. It is referring to a price going up by dramatic levels.


Olé Crypto,

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